Removal proceedings are initiated when a Notice to Appear (NTA) is served on the Respondent. The Notice to Appear is served at a residence that the Respondent gives to Department of Homeland Security or is given in person at the border. In many cases the Respondent asserts that Asylum because of past persecution or a "well-founded fear" of persecution on account of race, religion, nationality, membership in a particular social group, or political opinion. INA § 101(a)(42) Asylum is a deportation defense. If the Respondent is granted Asylum they will obtain legal status in the United States and a pathway to Citizenship.
At Law Firm of Charles Dawkins Jr. LLC. our asylum attorney in Elizabeth, NJ. handles affirmative and defensive asylum cases. These cases can be time-consuming because you must build a solid case to satisfy the elements of your defense. To learn more about it, contact our Elizabeth, NJ. immigration lawyer iat (908) 962-9929 we will schedule a Consultation to discuss your case.
WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN ELIZABETH, NJ. AFFIRMATIVE ASYLUM APPLICANT AND DEFENSIVE DEPORTATION ASYLUM RESPONDENT
An Affirmative Asylum Application is initiated by the Applicant usually within one year of entering the United States in any status. The Affirmative Asylum Applicant has not been served with a Notice to Appear (NTA) and the Affirmative Asylum Applicant is not in Deportation Proceedings. The Defensive Asylum Deportation Applicant is in Deportation Proceedings; the Respondent has been served with a Notice to Appear (NTA). Below are some of the reasons for a Deportation Defensive Asylum Hearing: Affirmative Asylum Application
- Crimes of Moral Turpitude INA § 237 (2) (A) (i) (I) &(II)
- Multiple criminal convictions INA § 237 (2) (A) (ii)
- Aggravated Felony INA § 237 (2) (A) (iii)
- Controlled Substances INA § 237 (2) (B) (i) & (ii)
- Certain Firearms Offenses INA § 237 (2) (C)
- Crimes under Domestic Violence INA § 237 (2) (E)
The most basic reason to be in a deportation hearing is to enter the United States without inspection and then to assert asylum. The Department of Homeland Security will issue a Notice to Appear for a Master Hearing Calendar Date. The Law Office of Charles Dawkins Jr., LLC has experience in Federal and State Criminal law, so the law office will be able to evaluate the relationship between the underlying criminal charge and deportation.
Understanding the Deportation Defensive Asylum Process in Elizabeth, NJ.
The asylum process allows individuals who have fled their home country because they have been persecuted or fear persecution to seek protection in the United States.
An asylee is a refugee in the United States or at a U.S. port of entry when seeking protection. Section 101(a)(42) of the Immigration and Nationality Act defines a refugee as a person with a well-founded fear of persecution in their home country based on their:
- Membership in a particular social group
- Political opinion
If you are granted asylum via the defensive asylum process, you can apply for a green card (permanent residency) one year after being granted protection.
Three Ways to Seek Defensive Asylum
Defensive asylum is available in three different situations:
- Where you have applied for affirmative asylum and the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) has not granted asylum, the USCIS will refer your case to an immigration court for determination.
- Where you are in removal proceedings after being arrested by the U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) for living in the United States without the necessary documentation.
- Where you are in removal proceedings after requesting asylum at a port of entry or crossing the border without the necessary legal documents. In these circumstances, you face expedited removal proceedings. Before you can go to an immigration court, you must have a “credible fear interview” with an asylum officer to determine whether you have a credible fear of persecution. If the officer believes you qualify for asylum, they will refer your request to an immigration court. If the officer rejects your asylum application, you will be deported unless you request a decision review.
How to File for Defensive Asylum
Asylum cases are all different, so the process may not be quite the same for each case. There are certain aspects of the process, though, that are the same. Here is an overview of the Defensive Asylum process.
The first step in the defensive asylum process is a master calendar, or initial, hearing. If you have a lawyer, the judge often will ask the Judge will establish the basis for removability and request whether the Attorney concedes removability based upon the charges. The lawyer may ask for an adjournment, contest removability, or other legal positions based upon the facts of the Respondent's Immigration case. If the lawyer concedes that the Respondent is removable to his country of birth, he may assert Relief.
Defensive Deportation Asylum is one relief under the Immigration laws. The Respondent should consult an Immigration Lawyer to evaluate the specifics of his case.
If you do not have a lawyer, the court provides you with a list of pro bono (free) lawyers and lists your matter for another interim court date.
If you were apprehended at a port of entry or by ICE while living illegally in the United States, you must file a Form I-589, Application for Asylum and for Withholding of Removal. You do not need to file this form if you have been referred to a court by USCIS following an affirmative asylum application.
You file a Form I-589 with the court that hears your application. You must file it within one year of your arrival in the United States unless you can show that either (1) circumstances have changed affecting your eligibility for asylum; or (2) extraordinary circumstances caused the delay.
The judge may direct you to file the form sooner. It is important to follow any directions the judge gives you on timeframes to ensure your case progresses.
Before your final hearing, you can submit supporting evidence to the court and update your Form I-589 if any details have changed.
Evidence that may support your asylum claim includes:
- Your personal statement
- Medical records
- Expert reports
- Human rights reports
- Evidence of the persecution you suffered in your home country.
For example, you can provide photos, witness statements, or police reports.
The judge will give you a deadline to file these documents, typically 15 days before your final hearing.
After filing your petition, you need to attend an Application Support Center (ASC) for your fingerprints to be taken by the USCIS.
At the individual, or merits, hearing, the judge hears the evidence and decides your case. Your attorney will question you, allowing you to explain why you fled your country and fear returning.
The government attorney will also question you. The judge may ask questions throughout the hearing.
You can call witnesses to support your case, like friends or family who can speak about your experiences or a country expert who can explain the risks of returning to your country.
The judge may give a decision on the day of your hearing, but it can also be delayed until a later time.
Three Reasons to Hire an Asylum Lawyer in Elizabeth, NJ.
Asylum is a way for people who have a real fear of persecution to find protection from that persecution in the United States. Asylees come from all over the world, and they make the United States their home––whether temporarily or permanently. But to get that protection, you have to comply with immigration law and, sometimes, persuade a judge. Because it's your life or your loved ones' lives at stake, filing for asylum on your own is not a good option.
Neither is it a good option to leave your life in the hands of another person simply because it is free to do so. There are many pro bono lawyers out there, and many of them are excellent immigration attorneys, but the problem is this: many pro bono Asylum lawyer have their hands full already. They often have a high caseload, which means they have less time, energy, and resources to spend on your case.
Hiring an asylum lawyer can be the single most important thing you do to protect your life, and here are three reasons why that is true.
- Paperwork. We are thorough when it comes to preparing and supporting your documents. We are also persuasive in the manner in which we tell your story using the facts and the law.
- Interview. During your interview, time is limited and you have a lot to say. We help make sure that all the essential facts of your case are clearly outlined. We want the interviewer to have a thorough understanding of your situation and that the fear of persecution you have is real.
- Efficiency. We know what documents we need. We know the arguments to make. We have the insight that flows from our experience and we employ that insight in each unique case to make sure you have solid evidence and a well-prepared application.
Contact a Defensive A Deportation Asylum Immigration Lawyer in Elizabeth, New Jersey Today
It is important to speak to an asylum attorney in Elizabeth, NJ so that you know what to expect and can successfully go through the defensive asylum process to avoid removal. At Law Office of Charles Dawkins Jr. LLC our immigration lawyer can discuss your case with you. Contact us to schedule a Consultation Type either by calling us at 908-962-9929 or using the online form.